Social security is critical to every economy since it assist people with little or no income to get financial help from their governments.
In other words, social security also refers to the action programs of an organization intended to promote the welfare of people. The assistance is meant to enable them to access food and shelter and to promote health and well-being more so to potentially vulnerable segments such as children, the elderly, the sick and the unemployed.
The following are some of the traditional contingencies covered by social security, these include responsibility for the maintenance of children, suspension of earnings due to pregnancy and confinement and their consequences. The other contingencies include suspension of earnings due to an inability to obtain suitable employment for protected persons who are capable of, and available for work, suspension of earnings due to an incapacity for work resulting from a morbid condition, permanent or persistent inability to engage in any gainful activity, treatment of any morbid condition including pregnancy, as well as loss of support suffered by a widowed individual or child as the result of the death of the provider.
The four main categories of social security benefits include retirement, disability, dependents, and survivors benefits.
It is vital for people to enroll to retirement benefits program under social security if they want to get assistance once they retire from work. Employees of covered employment who serve the companies for sufficient number of years and who retired at the age of sixty-two are eligible for retirement benefits. Besides, a candidate may start getting retirement benefits at any time after they have reached age sixty-two. Due to financial needs, a beneficiary may want to start getting retirement benefits even before they reach the full retirement age, in such a case, the benefits will be reduced by a certain amount.
In addition, citizens of a country are guaranteed of getting disability benefits. It is worth noting that disability benefits is for those who met the work requirements and are considered disabled under the Social Security program’s medical guideline.
The other type of benefits under social security that citizens of a country can be assured of enjoying is dependents benefits. Dependents benefits are entitled to people who are spouses of a retired or disabled worker who qualifies for Social Security retirement or disability benefits. In addition, the benefits are not only entitled to people who are spouses of retired or disabled workers but also their minor and their disabled children.
In the event that you are the surviving spouse of a worker who qualified for Social Security retirement or disability benefits, you and your minor or disabled children may be entitled to benefits. The beneficiaries of the program qualify for the benefits based on their deceased spouse’s earnings record.